Church Road Surgery

28 Church Road, Aston, Birmingham B6 5UP

Your Health

Child with high temperature

For a new onset temperature strip child’s clothing to a minimum, offer plenty of fluids, sponge with tepid water if necessary. Give the appropriate dose of Calpol (Paracetamol) and monitor. If your child has had Neurofen (Ibuprofen) syrup before then this is also a good alternative. If the temperature persists then seek medical advice.

Cold and Flu symptoms

Despite the technology of our age no-one has found a cure for the common cold!

Consider bed-rest, drink plenty of fluids. Paracetamol and decongestants may help your symptoms. Antibiotics do not have any effect.

Diarrhoea or gastroenteritis

Diarrhoea, sickness and abdominal pain may indicate you have a short-term infection of the stomach. It is vital to drink plenty of water (or cordials/squashes). Oral rehydration sachets like diorolyte maybe helpful in children. This can be bought from the chemist. If symptoms are severe or you have recently been abroad and symptoms are not settling then it is important to consult your doctor.

Measles

This can lead to a high temperature, cough and sore eyes. The rash may occur about 10 days after the initial symptoms. The rash is blotchy and red and appears on the face and body. It is contagious from 2-3 days before the rash appears until about 10 days after that date. The MMR vaccination can prevent this illness.

Chickenpox

The rash appears as small red patches with blisters in the centre. “crops” of spots occur over the next few days. Eventually they turn crusty and develop a scab. The rash can be very itchy and a fever may occur. Paracetamol can help the temperature and calamine lotion is soothing to the skin.

Mumps

This is when a painful swelling of the gland(s) in front of the ear occurs. The patient is infectious for about 3 days before the swelling occurs until about 8 days after that date. There is no specific treatment other then paracetamol.

German Measles (Rubella)

The rash (pink patches 2-4mm) appears on the first day and usually covers the body, arm and legs. It is infection from about 2 days before the rash appears to about 7 days afterwards. Rubella can be harmful to an unborn child, therefore it is important to inform all contacts so that they can seek the relevant assistance from their own doctor if they are pregnant. The MMR vaccine prevents this infection.

Head Lice

These creatures like clean hair! They are becoming harder to treat but the chemist can provide head lotions which are still effective. Purchasing a nit comb is also a good idea.

Nose bleeds

If a nose bleed occurs, sit in a chair, lean forward with your mouth open and pinch your nose just below the bone. Hold for 10 minutes, this should cause the bleeding to stop. If the bleeding does not stop you should contact your nearest A and E department.

Sunburn

Treat as with any other burns i.e. cold water to remove the heat. Calamine lotion can relieve irritation. Paracetamol can help too. Use the appropriate sun block before you go out in the sun. Children’s skin is more sensitive.

Insect bites/Bee stings

Antihistamine tablets can be bought from a chemist shop.

NOTE: Bee stings should be scraped away rather than plucked in order to avoid squeezing the contents of the venom sac into the wound.

Healthy Eating

5 a day! (Meaning fresh fruit and vegetables).

Cut down on your fat intake by using low fat spreads, measure out cooking oil, eat lean meats. Choose whole meal bread and brown rice. Eat nuts and dried fruit instead of biscuits and chocolates. Drink 2 pints of water daily (at least) and reduce your salt intake.

Smoking

Every cigarette you smoke can shorten your life by an average of 5 minutes. Giving up requires motivation. Set a date to stop, tell your friends in the hope they will be supportive. Nurse Pam at the surgery can also help you give up smoking.